Socio and Psychological Impact of Dementia On Family Assessment Answer
1. Categories and phases of this syndrome upon the aged population of Australia
The syndrome can be defined as a series of signs which are the consequences of malfunctioning of the brain. It influences the thought conduct and capabilities of an individual. There are mainly three phases of this syndrome - initial phase, middle phase and late phase (Dementia Care Central. 2020). The initial phase starts very gradually with signs like avoiding people and daily activities, lack of interest in anything, poor communication skill, lack of flexibility and adaptability etc. In the mild stage, forgetfulness becomes prominent along with an annoying and depressed attitude. When this phase-shifted to the last stage the individual completely lost the power of identifying people and objects with loss of speech, inability to perform his task etc (Dementia Care Central. 2020). The last phase progresses towards severity accompanied by hallucination, aggression, paralysis etc. In most of the cases as the syndrome increases near about ninety per cent of affection goes away but it also needs to be remembered that the individual doesn’t lose his or her sensation and feelings. There are different categories of this disease. These are Alzheimer's syndrome, Vascular syndrome, Lewy body syndrome, frontotemporal, alcoholic syndrome and syndrome related to Aids (Dementia, 2020). Though the chances of being victimised in this disease accelerate with age mostly after the 50s youngsters also suffer from this mental disorder.
2. The need for nutrition for aged people of Australia
The aged people must consider nutritional diet as their daily consumption. In the aged stage of people, individual losses it’s physical as well as mental strength which affects their food consumption. Lack of proper nutritional requirement in their body hampers the internal functioning and they are often exposed to different types of diseases (Healthline. 2019). The aged person should be more careful about their breakfast meal which should be full of nutritional requirements and for that, they can also depend on the diet chart that is given by their physician. Aged people should avoid intake of salty supplements in forms of flesh. Fast food and condiments. Secondly, they need to fulfil the daily water requirement of the body by drinking fluid as per body requirements (Better health. 2020). Thirdly they need to minimise the consumption of sweets, oil substances, confectionery items etc. The aged people often tend to be inclined towards wine consumption, however, limited intake is not harmful. Most of the aged population of the country are suffering from lack of vitamin and minerals. Most of the mental problems that can be seen are due to lack of fulfilling the before mentioned nutrition and lastly, a calcium supplement is also necessary for maintaining the bone strength which usually is damaged aged people (Better health. 2020).
3. Malnutrition in relation to mental working along with reasons of dietary deficiency
Malnourishment is a major problem in Australia. In the country, not enough money is spent behind solving this particular issue. In an Australian report, it has been stated that nearly thirty to fourty percent of the individuals who are admitted in the hospital are malnourished (Dietitians Australia, 2020). One of the major causes of this problem is less nutritional consumption which is due to economically poor state, inability to prepare or consume food, unsuitable atmosphere for food consumption, negative emotions such as feeling loneliness or neglected etc. This disease leads to several problems including psychological disorders such as depression, feeling of loneliness, intolerance, and mood swings etc (Cavaye, 2018). Proper food consumption is directly proportional to the proper mood. Insufficient intake may lead to a change in aged person’s behaviour which can be generally witnessed leading to a short temper, annoying attitude etc. However, the severity of this can lead to psychological disorders such as anxiety disorder and in several cases even up to depression. On the other hand, psychological instability may hold poor consumption for both aged people who reside in their own home as well as in old care centres in the country. To ensure dietary sufficiency of the aged people, they should be given mental security and satisfaction through love and affection (DHHS. 2020).
4. Recent interference in developing nutrition and required measures to be adopted for dietary sufficiency of the aged
The dietary sufficiency of the aged population in Australia needs to be taken care of. For this purpose, identification of the problem is very essential in order to plan for an effective solution. For this identification, nutritional conditions of elderly mass visiting clinics and hospitals are tested by using different instruments which provides information about the standard weight, BMR status etc (Abd Aziz et al. 2017). After recognising the problem, it is a challenge for doctors to plan for an effective solution to minimise malnourishment among the aged people. Doctors first assess the medical history of the aged by visiting them, in order to prescribe proper medication on their severe health issues. Then they sometimes organised exercise programmes to encourage aged people for a regular specific workout as per doctor’s advice. The doctor also tries to develop the social and economic circumstances of aged people to ensure them by providing mental peace and lastly, they prepare diet charts, and provide them to elderly patients and monitor their health condition regularly (Abd Aziz et al. 2017). Though no standard instrument is considered to be worldly accepted for minimising the nutritional deficiency problem the available tools must be utilized properly for a positive outcome and for that one needs to have proper knowledge of every tool so that they can use the effective one to gather accurate data of hospitalised and home-dwelling aged patients suffering from malnutrition (Roberts et al. 2019).