SAP102 Integrated Welfare System of Australia: Case Study of Disabled Women Assessment 3 Answer
The purpose of this report is to assess a case study to understand and identify the integrated welfare system of Australia. The essay is based on the case study of a 24 years old Fatima who is physically disabled and is on a wheelchair since she was two. As Fatima wants to become an independent woman and wants to move out from her parent's house just like any other young person, she might face some hazard to find suitable accommodation for herself due to her disability. The case study suggests the obstacles Fatima could face in her journey, solutions that may help Fatima to develop her independence and a conclusion of the overall study. Lastly, the report ends with an acknowledgement of resources used to analyze the welfare system.
People with long-term mental, physical, intellectual impairments in interaction with different sort of boundaries that may obstruct their participation in the community or society on a day to day basis can be considered as disabled person (Leonardi et al. 2006). This include disabilities that exist presently, does not exist now but previously existed, imputed and may exist in future. In this case study of Fatima, a person with a physical disability and she is in a wheelchair. As Fatima wants suitable accommodation for her, she faces difficulty in doing that. Although there are government schemes like NDIS, Fatima just like most of the people with disabilities in her country is facing problems and less support while finding a suitable dwelling. Most of the disabled person does not get adequate support coming from the community which already makes lives difficult. Especially while finding proper housing they feel backlash from the community.
The implementation of NDIS which stands for the National Disability Insurance Scheme created an opportunity for people similar to Fatima. The scheme was introduced across Australia from July 2016 and it provides 500,000 Australian with permanent and significant disability, funding support and services (National Disability Insurance Scheme (NDIS), 2020). Though the scheme is notably helping disable people to access services, the lack of communication and interface between the mainstream service and NDIS is producing boundaries. This created barriers and went against the arrangement of all the due services the disabled person could get. The services include habilitation and rehabilitation. Lack of clarity in the interactions within mainstream services and NDIS is resulting controversies. This lead to a lack of access to the services for the participants of NDIS. This brings the question of how much the provision will be adopted and supported by society (Foster, 2016). The state government programs are supporting most of the people to afford a suitable housing in the market but still, a significant percentage is not appropriately accommodated as some of them still are living in institutions because of lack of access to other options. The privet rental housing is way more costly to afford for some of them like Fatima (The Rights of People with Disabilities: Areas of Need for Increased Protection: Chapter 4: Accommodation | Australian Human Rights Commission, 2020). In most cases, there is a lack of funding and support in reasonable accommodation. Reasonable accommodation can be defined as services provided with rudiment adjustments and modifications. To find accommodation through public housing is also becoming difficult with the date. And to obtain the access it is becoming even more hazardous (Saugeres, 2011). To add to all these obstacles Fatima, being in a wheelchair could face a severe elimination from the society as well. Sometimes, the policies of territory housing authority can discriminate the people regarding their disabilities. Often housing agents and landlords discriminate directly and do not provide their due services based on their disabilities. In instance, some community or some people even support that and that makes it difficult and uncomforting for disabled persons to find a suitable inhabitation.
As Fatima is dealing with finding herself a proper accommodation and may face a backlash from the society and issues regarding lack of access to the services provided by the commonwealth and state governments, she needs to understand the rights of her to process the whole situation. If Fatima gets aware of her rights and what should she ask for herself it will help in boosting her confidence and develop her independence as well. As per the Australian government, legal, political and social system became unsuccessful to treat the disabled person as a person first. Generally, the provided services do not meet the desired service models which are appropriate for the disabled people. Sometimes this leads to human rights abuse (Human rights violations – People with Disability Australia, 2020). People with a disability require social support that can give domestic services, personal care and support in living skills. However, these rights have been exploited at a national level. In cases, systems violate human rights (Evans, 2004). According to the Disability Services Act 1986, the people with a disability regarding any origin, nature, type or degree of disability, have similar fundamental rights as of all Australians.
This Act follows the principles of freedom from abuse that is residents have right to be free from emotional, verbal, physical and sexual abuse; freedom of movement that is residents have rights of moving freely and self-determination that is residents have rights of making their own choices and decisions in every aspect of life. Further, the act has the principles of residency agreements, complaints, privacy and confidentiality relationships and sexuality, money management and personal possessions. Apart from this, The Disability Services Act has two objectives according to accommodation services namely accommodation support services that are services that will assist people with disabilities to improve decent residential arrangements in the society and respite care services that will assist the families or person with disabilities within a community for a limited period of time.
Despite this Act, often disable people, their families and lawyers complaint about these accommodation service providers as they do not get along with the provisions of the Disability Services Act (Disability Support and Services in Australia – Parliament of Australia, 2020).
Fatima needs to know all of her rights mentioned above. These are the principles that will provide her with due services and help her to move out of her parent’s house. As there is a chance of her facing discrimination or other issues regarding accessibility in finding herself a house, she needs to be more confident and aware of her rights. Awareness about the rights will help her to become more independent (Ward, 2006)
The case study of Fatima indicates that people with disabilities could face some serious difficulties in the community. Although there are plenty of Acts and services provided by the Australian government, the execution of them in the mainstream level is almost negligible. Whether it is about accommodation or any other services, Fatima and people similar to her disabilities could face discrimination in the society and thus can be neglected as an eligible person to get their owing facilities. Despite various amenities provided by the government disable people hesitate to ask for their rights. The difficulties faced by Fatima can be resolved if she is more aware of her rights. The Disability Service Act 1986, Human Rights Violation provisions, NIDS and some other Acts and initiatives by the governments ensure to protect and provide the disabled person with their rights and a healthy environment.