Role of ICT In Driving Growth For Cloud-Based Mobile Health Information Systems Assessment Answer
Title: The Role of ICT Technologies in Driving Growth for The Cloud-Based Mobile Health Information Systems
Background and aim:
Emerging technologies have been at the forefront of development in the technology sector. New systems, gadgets and products are coming loaded with emerging technologies like Virtual Reality, Augmented Reality, Artificial Intelligence as well as Information and Communication Technologies. This review therefore focuses on analysing the role of the ICT technologies in driving growth for the cloud-based mobile health information systems
This annotated bibliography has mainly focused on synthesising and reviewing scholarly articles related to the research topic area.
Cloud-based systems have made it easier for organisations to develop new apps and information systems backed up by new features and 24*7 services. This is therefore is accelerating the growth of this sector. Discoveries in the ICT sector are also helping in this regard. This annotated bibliography, therefore, tries to understand this aspect by reviewing several recent scholarly articles.
ICT has helped in improving health services. IoT helps in improving decision making in health. Moreover, it also helps in monitoring the health of patients. The cloud-based medical system helps store and access information about the health of patients which can be accessed by the users in anytime and anywhere basis which improve health and wellbeing for people.
Keywords: ICT Technology, Cloud, Health Information System
1. Research questions:
The main research questions are as follows:
What are the discoveries happening regarding ICT technologies?
Explanation: The advancement of new technologies is also leading to new technologies in the ICT sector. For example, researchers are now focusing on how room bulbs can be used to transmit Wi-Fi Data.
Why is there a growth trend for clouded based mobile health information systems?
Explanation: The establishment of new companies, as well as the dependency of healthcare organisations towards technology in managing their activities, is one such reason for the growth of this sector. However, there are many other reasons which need to be explored through research.
What are the main factors that are leading to this growth of cloud-based mobile health information systems?
Explanation: The main factors are the need for ICT technologies to manage any technological activities, the need to manage and record documents electronically in healthcare systems and many more.
What is the role played by ICT technologies in driving growth of the cloud-based mobile health information systems?
Explanation: ICT is the epitome of the growth as it is the source material that provides the necessary technological etiquettes required for managing healthcare systems. New advancements in this technology are driving this growth.
2.0 Literature Review:
The field of research selected is Information and Communication Technology. According to Huh & Kim (2019), information and communication technology plays a vital role in the advancement of digital technologies. Anything present on the internet or is accessed by the internet is possible due to the advancement of ICT technologies. Progress in ICT shapes different healthcare domain. Adoption of ICT helps create new opportunities to improve health-related outcome. Integration of ICT is not only helpful in improving health outcome but it is also helpful in reducing the costs of healthcare. ICT technologies help gather invaluable as well as huge data from numerous sources in effective ways that help the healthcare professions in offering a better service to the customers. One such application of ICT in healthcare is mobile health (Bervell & Al-Samarraie, 2019). Cloud computing technologies offered the functionality in managing information in the ubiquitous, distributed as well as the pervasive manner that supports the different system, platforms and application. With the help of mobile health applications in ICT devices, users can store data in the cloud which can help monitor the health. Cloud-based mobile health information systems are also a result of the success of new ICT technological advancements (Cechetti et al. 2019, Ismagilova et al. 2019). This mHealth system helps perform two different goals like availability of the e-health related system and access of the medical information at anytime and anywhere basis.
2.2 Research based on technology:
IoT has changed the way by which healthcare is approached on a worldwide basis (Greco et al. 2020); Walsham, 2020). According to Wang & Cai (2020), along with the technological advancements, IoT has become an efficient method for monitoring the health because efficient and secure retrieval of medical data has become important in the present time. IoT can be integrated with different medical system to create ubiquitous, cost-effective and on-time healthcare services (Zeadally & Bello, 2019). Wang & Cai (2020) have mentioned that IoT with the edge cloud system can help retrieve the medical data. Butpheng, Yeh & Xiong (2020) has demonstrated that the integration of cloud computing and IoT can create an e-health system. E-health system helps seek, find, appraising as well as understanding health information from electronic sources and acquiring knowledge in resolving health issues (Meng et al. 2019; Liu et al. 2019; AlBar & Hoque, 2019; Chao, Lin & Ma, 2019). Rapidly developing ageing population creates several chronic diseases which creates numerous challenges (Chung & Park, 2019; Huh & Kim, 2019; Polu, 2019; Muzny et al. 2020). M-health helps manage a chronic condition and delivers high-quality healthcare (Scarcy et al. 2019; Nussabaum et al. 2019; Sim, 2019; Butt et al. 2019). The users of the m-health app are continuously developing as the number of mobile phone users is improving. M-health can diagnose, control or track infectious diseases and improve health system efficiencies by developing a combination with an internet-connected device for diagnosis (Christopher et al. 2019). Different health and wellness app can improve usability experiences by aligning the customers and insiders (Liew et al. 2019). Hossain, Rahman & Muhammad (2020) has mentioned the fact that cyber-physical system (CPS) is one of the computing technologies that help in computing, controlling, communicating and sensing among various physical components.
2.3 Research based on results brought by Health Information Systems:
IoT and smart medical sensors create a huge amount of data which can be analysed with efficiencies to monitor the health of a patient (Greco et al. 2020; Wang & Cai, 2020). CPS utilises big data analytics and cloud computing in offering therapy to the patients (Hossain, Rahman & Muhammad, 2020). On the other hand, Butpheng, Yeh & Xiong (2020) has mentioned that the e-health system can be used in improving informed health-related decision making of the patient. Walsham (2020) has focused on the importance of ICT in developing a health information system. Searcy et al. (2019) has demonstrated that m-health intervention is important because it can help older adults in maintaining a better lifestyle that reduces possibilities of cardiovascular diseases. M-health tools are helpful for people in managing their health and wellbeing (Nguyen et al. 2019; Rajak & Shaw, 2019; Li et al. 2019; Vandenberk et al. 2019). The study of Nussabaum et al. (2019) is different because it applies m-health in rehabilitation. Zeadally & Bello (2019) think that IoT can be connected with billions of devices across the world that can improve the delivery of healthcare. The research of Sim (2019) is different from other research because it offers key regulatory as well as functional aspects of mobile health, whereas Liew et al. (2019) has mentioned insights and offered the suggestion that can improve the experience in the mobile health. Wood et al. (2019) has mentioned that m-health can be used in monitoring the outbreak of infectious disease and implementing some response strategies. The research of Butt et al. (2019) is different from others because it focuses on the security issues in the m-health application.
2.4 Limitation of the research:
Searcy et al. (2019) has identified that using m-health is the greatest barrier for older adults as they are technologically strong. Nassbaum et al. (2019) has stated that using m-health in rehabilitation is difficult for the people. Zeadally & Bello (2019) think that it is difficult in defining a better as well as universal IoT architecture which can offer better healthcare services. Wood et al. (2019), Sim (2019) has mentioned that higher costs of Smartphone can create difficulties in using m-health, whereas, Butt et al. (2019) thinks that security is the main challenges of an IoT device. On the other hand, Liew et al. (2019); Wang & Cai (2020) think that some user’s faces usability challenges in accessing mobile apps. Hossain, Rahman & Muhammad (2020) think that setting an efficient smart home system is difficult which can offer an energy-aware system for therapy system. Walsham (2020) thinks that developing a better health information system in developing countries is difficult. Butpheng, Yeh & Xiong (2020); Greco et al. (2020) thinks that maintaining security in a cloud-based system is an issue.
Now I can say from the topic that information communication technology revolution has created numerous opportunities in health. ICT enhances the quality of care, facilitates protection of data, reduces the costs associated with administration and operation as well as increases patient security (Vandenberk et al. 2019). I have observed that ICT is associated to develop different telecommunication devices like Smartphone that can help people in storing their health condition which helps them in availing a better healthcare service by sharing the information with doctors. After conducting this research, I have developed a better knowledge of mHealth. Mobile health system refers to the practice of public health and medicines that are supported by different mobile devices like mobile phones, personal digital assistants, tablets and wireless infrastructure (El-Sappagh et al. 2019). Moreover, doctors or nurses stores medical information about the patients and maintain hospital information system with the help of ICT (Chung & Park, 2019; Chakraborty, 2019). If those articles do not offer knowledge about the utilisation of ICT device then the influence of ICT technology in creating m-health system would be unknown. Moreover, these articles also shed on a different technology that helps in creating a better health system. I have recognised some gaps and challenges that have been identified in the research paper that are some people who do not have knowledge in operating ICT device which creates issues for them in operating m-health. Moreover, security issues are highest in the ICT devices that can create issues for the users. As it is directly connected to the web, therefore, the intruders can access the patient data and manipulate it which can harm the patient. These research papers are valuable for researching because this research paper offers a brief knowledge about the importance of ICT in forming m-health. Moreover, it also offers different devices that help in mobile health. It also focuses on the issues associated to use IoT technologies and mobile health.
2.6 The relationship between different studies:
Searcy et al. (2019); Sim (2019); Liew et al. (2019) has mentioned general knowledge about mobile health. These research papers offer a greater level of in-general knowledge about different techniques that helps in mobile health. Though Wood et al. (2019) has also shed light on the m-health this journal focuses on the utilisation of m-health on diagnosing infectious diseases. Nussbaum et al. (2019) has applied the importance of m-health on rehabilitation. Therefore, all these above-mentioned journals are linked with each other. On the contrary, Zeadally & Bello (2019); Greco et al. (2020); Butpheng, Yeh & Xiong (2020) have focused on the importance of IoT on the healthcare system. This research paper mainly sheds lights on how IoT can offer an improved healthcare system. Butt et al. (2019) has solely focused on the multivariant security framework in the application of mobile health. He has not only mentioned about the security issues mobile health but also offered a framework with the help of which problem can be resolved. Hossain, Rahman & Muhammad (2020) has focused on a completely different segment that is energy-aware and cloud-oriented cyber-physical system. The cyber-physical system is useful in offering better therapy management. In the cyber and physical layer, energy is consumed, therefore, energy efficiencies are necessary. Walsham (2020) has argued that for developing a health information system, educating people is important. Wang & Cai (2020) have mentioned that IoT is important in effective retrieval of medical data that helps in monitoring health.
The above analysis has clearly shown the role of ICT technologies on cloud-based mobile health information systems. Higher as well as reliable connectivity for the medical sensors and devices, IoT ecosystem is essential. ICT technologies help form wearable, portable, miniature, implantable as well as mobile wireless devices that help in offering better mobile health which can help patients as well as health workers in tracking or monitoring the health of patients so that better treatment can be offered. However, the security issue is one of the issues that create difficulties in using mobile health. Thus, proper security infrastructure needs to be incorporated into the health system.
Task 2: Annotated Bibliography Reflection
Keywords: Mobile Health Information Systems, Cloud-based Systems, Mobile Health, ICT technology
Patterns and trends: From the review of the articles, I have identified that most of the articles are focusing on either the results that mobile health information systems are brining to the healthcare sector or the way ICT technologies are influencing the development of new cloud-based systems that are improving the entire mobile health information systems.
Relation of the topic with the project topic: My project topic is about the cloud-based information system and the role of ICT in it. The annotated bibliography articles selected are eventually shedding light on the themes like new advancements in mobile health, Healthcare benefits, M-Health architecture and so on.
Gap in Literature: The articles used for the annotated bibliography mostly analysed the way m-health is improving. However, the new advancements in the ICT technologies and the improvements that can be possible in the m-health sector is not defined properly. My research can be done focusing on this gap.
Steps to follow to expand the current annotated bibliography into larger literature review: I have reviewed only few of the articles that are related with my project topic. However, there is a vast majority of scholarly articles that are yet to be researched and synthesized. Going forward with the research, I at first need to identify few more keywords based on the gap identified. Based on the keywords, I need to make use of the university library and databases like ProQuest to search for more articles, say, more than 100 of articles. Synthesizing those articles and making notes from them, I finally will be able to expand the annotated bibliography into a larger literature review.