PUBH6012 Analysis Of Research Design And Methods Introduced For Asthma Patients Assessment 2 Answer
Slide 2 -Introduction
Asthma, as is a well-established fact that it is the most devastating diseases in the world and specifically in Australia. The government of Australia in inclination several healthcare organisations have formed several policies for minimising the impact of asthma on public healthcare. The study would also briefly analyse the research design and methods introduced for the asthma patients and the policies considerations and researches behind. Later, a brief analysis of the results obtained from the findings would be considered along with the analysis concerning assessment 1. Further, the study would discuss five policies that are analysed in the research namely, Asthma Australia's (AA), Asthma Child and Adolescent Program, The Asthma policy (HDKA), Asthma model of care, National Asthma Strategy (NAS) and The Asthma policy (stable kindergarten). All these policies are aimed at understanding asthma management, such as its preventive measures and reasons behind it.
Slide 3 - Research Design and Methods
It is essential to justify the research method to increase adherence to the data gathered. The most appropriate technique method used for gathering data is document analysis and coding framework for the analysis of the document.
Appropriate literature journals and government websites were used for the purpose of gathering data in regards to the five chosen policies.
Slide 4 - Policy Considerations and Research (Adolescent Program)
For first policy, Asthma Australia’s (AA), Asthma Child and Adolescent Program, different techniques were used for the purpose of gathering data such as analysing psychosocial factors affecting adolescent health (National Asthma Council Australia. 2019). Primarily, the impact of Asthma was studied on adolescent and then for adults. Mental health disorder among adolescent was studied such as depression, eating disorders and anxiety (Teodorescu et al., 2015). Along with this, physiological and psychological changes were studied in children, such as breathlessness due to extreme stress.
Slide 5- Impact of Asthma Policy
The government generated the Asthma policy (HDKA) with the help of a survey performed in the country. The government officials conducted a survey in which various questions were asked to gain knowledge about the extent of the disease and different types of precaution that public is taking in the treatment of disease (Boulet, 2013). Different questions were asked in the survey questionnaire, such as whether asthma patients need to take medication for the disease, does the patient perform the exercise and many more (HDKA, 2019). These questions helped medical professionals in gaining appropriate knowledge about the extent of the disease and hence, form appropriate strategies accordingly.
Slide 6- Treatment of Asthma
Asthma model of care, this is a policy that helped in creating a model for the care of asthma patients in Australia. The model is not only applicable in Australia but could be used all over the world for preventing the effect of Asthma (Brehm et al., 2010). The model developed its findings from the basis of CSIF Standard 1, CSIF Standard 3-9, CSIF Standard 2 and many more. The initial model was developed in 2008 by the health department of Australia that articulated the best possible measures that could be used for treating Asthma (Government of Western Australia, 2016). In the model, there are approximately ten standards that were set for Asthma such as asthma education, reducing the risk of Asthma, stabilising chronic Asthma and assessing asthma severity.
Slide 7- Role of Government
There is five high standard level objective set in this articulate in order to propose a common public to educate themselves effectively in regards to Asthma. The goal of this articulate was to reduce economic, health and social impact of Asthma on patients. There are seven enablers associated with this policy, namely, governance and leadership, technology, resources, health literacy and many more (Health.gov.au, 2018). The first enabler governance is responsible for decision making. Hence, they have the role of encouraging health system performance in the country. The next enabler is a technology that provides more accessible and effective prevention measures of the disease (Moorman, Akinbami & Bailey, 2012). With the use of advanced technology, appropriate prevention of the disease could be installed.
Slide 8- Health Care Programs
In AA policy, a different number of relevant standards was included such as Health Records Act 2001, Public Health and Wellbeing Act 2008, Education and Care Services National Law Act 2010 and many more (Lambrecht & Hammad, 2015). Other methods implemented in this policy includes, approved emergency asthma management training, Asthma friendly children's services program and asthma care plan (StableKindergarten, 2018).
Slide 9 –Results Obtained From the Findings- Diagnosis
The result gained from the Asthma Australia’s(AA), Asthma Child and Adolescent Program, is n manages exceptional contemplations for Asthma in youths and youthful grown-ups. This strategy was made remembering for individuals in the middle of the age of 12-18 years. Just about 66% of youngsters with on-going Asthma have determined indications all through adolescence (National Asthma Council Australia. 2019).
Slide 10- After analysing the studies from Assessment 1; these results were obtained:
The commonness of current Asthma is higher for young men than young ladies among youngsters matured 0–14 years, and higher for ladies among individuals matured 15 years and over. The predominance of current Asthma in kids matured 10–14 years is roughly 12% for young men and 7% for young ladies. The predominance of current Asthma in youths and youthful grown-ups matured 15–24 years is roughly 11% in both genders.
HDKA developed this policy to minimise the risk of asthma attacks on children's and adults. They were ensuring that service staff respond appropriately to an asthma episode by initiating appropriate treatment. They were bringing issues to light of Asthma and its administration among all at the administration through schooling and strategy execution (HDKA, 2019).
Slide 11- Model Proposed for Minimising Impact of Asthma
The model proposed several articulates, such as decreasing the danger of Asthma (CSIF Standard 1) by building up a planned arrangement to address smoking. Populace based wellbeing mindfulness crusades suggest individuals look for early clinical guidance if they have respiratory manifestations, particularly smokers (Lotvall et al., 2011). The NAS policy of national asthma strategy was aimed at lessening the wellbeing, social and financial effects of Asthma with a focused on and thorough way to deal with enhancing asthma analysis and the board (Tralo & Lemiere, 2014).
Medical Professionals Training
The motivation behind asthma strategy was to guarantee teachers, staff and guardians/gatekeepers know about their commitments and the best Practice the board of Asthma at the Stables Kindergarten. The policy emphasised on the training of employees and medical staffs for treatment of asthma patient effectively.
There are various obligations that are appointed to wellbeing experts, for example, giving the Nominated Supervisor and all staff with a duplicate of the Kindergarten's Asthma Policy, and guaranteeing that they know about Asthma the executives' procedures (StableKindergarten, 2018)—providing approved Emergency Asthma Management (EAM) training to staff as required under the National Regulations.
Slide 13- Analysis Concerning the Assessment from Assessment 1
Several varied tests were performed on variable expiratory airflow limitation that showed a varied level of FEV1. Another lung disease could be associated with reduced FEV1, where a lower level of FEV1 to FVC, indicates that airflow limitation is happening (Szefler et al., 2012).
Slide 15- Knowledge as key to minimising the impact of Asthma in People
The analysis of Asthma policies suggests that asthma kits are crucial for adults and children. The HDKA deals with building up a danger minimisation plan for each kid with Asthma in discussion with guardians or gatekeepers (HDKA, 2019). Guaranteeing that all kids with Asthma have a composed asthma plan, and a danger minimisation plan kept with their enrolment record and guaranteed that the two plans are refreshed at any rate yearly.
Slide 16- Respiratory Health Network
The asthma model of care has proved to be a crucial aspect of helping people in minimising the effect of Asthma. The system for the Treatment of Nicotine Addiction was delivered by the Respiratory Health Network in November 2010 to give a state-wide methodology across essential, auxiliary and tertiary settings to convey far-reaching and incorporated smoking end treatment and backing administrations. (Busse, Lemanske & Gern, 2010)
Rockingham Kwinana Division of General Practice Living Well Without Smoking Program and the Goldfields Esperance GP Network Butt Out Nicotine Addiction Program have had more than 700 individuals take an interest in the projects since May 2008 (Government of Western Australia, 2016). These multi-week concentrated projects, intended to help customers with nicotine compulsion, were at first supported through the Australian Better Health Initiative Nicotine Addiction.
Slides 17- Strengths of Australian Policies
The availability of successful treatments and appropriation of various administration systems, Government duty and progressing financing since 2001, World-driving asthma analysts and wellbeing experts; have helped Australia fight Asthma (Muhsen, Johnson & Hamid, 2011). Strong partner coordination and joint effort, Strong examination and information assortment exercises, including by AIHW's National Center for Monitoring Asthma and Other Chronic Respiratory Conditions and the Australian Center for Airways infection Monitoring (Guarnieri & Balmes, 2014).
Slide 18- Acknowledged Programs
The primary aim of asthma policy is giving a protected and sound climate for all the patients, giving a climate in which all kids with Asthma can take an interest to their maximum capacity and giving an away from of rules and techniques to be followed as to the administration of Asthma (Sublett et al., 2010). A portion of the broadly acknowledged program in the nation is Asthma Friendly Children’s Services Program that aims at ensuring the safety of children’s studying in kindergarten (StableKindergarten, 2018). Another widely accepted plan is an asthma care plan that has all the information about children's suffering from Asthma and procedures that are needed to be followed in terms of severe asthma attacks.
Slide 19- Conclusion
It is observed that the adults show a higher mortality and horridness rate. Likewise, in adults, Asthma affects women more. People with ethnic minorities, close by academic inadequacies, have a fear of medication use because of their outcome and shows avoiding conduct towards a treatment plan.