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MN601 Annotated Bibliography On Given Case Study: Views On Ethical Issues Assessment 1 Answer

Assessment Details and Submission Guidelines
Unit CodeMN601
Unit TitleNetwork Project Management
Term, YearT3, 2020
Assessment TypeAssignment 1, Individual
Assessment TitleIndividual Case Study Assignment
Purpose of the assessment (with ULO Mapping)The purpose of this assignment is to build a clear understanding of project management fundamentals and their application, specifically:
  • demonstrate project leadership skills; identify and assess risk in designing, executing a major project;
  • critically reflect on current project management ethics, research, and theory and practice;
Weight15% of the total assessment
  • Part A: 5%
  • Part B: 10%
Total Marks90
  • Part A: 30
  • Part B: 60
Word limit500 words for Part A
1000 words for Part B


“Sam Smith was a long-time member of the PMI Fredonia Chapter and a certified PMP. Sam constantly emailed and phoned chapter board members and members of the PMI Global Headquarters (PMI GHQ) staff. These emails and calls related to advancing his personal vision of how the Fredonia Chapter was to be managed and he sometimes reported issues to local Fredonia authorities as well.

His written communications with the Chapter often contained misleading, accusatory, and demeaning language, and the emails he sent often copied a large number of people, including Chapter officers and GHQ staff; his actions in connection with Chapter meetings were at times disruptive. Sam felt so strongly that he attempted to report chapter officers and others that didn’t see his way to the local authorities for alleged improper carrying out of their duties with the Chapter. Sam also filed multiple PMI Ethics Complaints against Chapter board members and others, which after extensive review were rejected by the Ethics Review Committee (ERC).

There was mediation involving Sam, the Fredonia Chapter, and PMI GHQ. The resulting settlement included Sam’s agreement to forfeit his Fredonia Chapter membership for three years and to agree not to apply for membership in any chapter for three years. As expected, all this had a major negative operational and financial impact on the Fredonia Chapter and PMI. In spite of the settlement agreement, Sam continued in his attempts to rejoin the chapter. He falsely claimed that he signed the agreement under duress and was therefore not bound by its terms. In his attempts to re-join the chapter, he did not disclose the fact that he had voluntarily agreed not to do so. As a result, an ethics complaint was filed against Sam”


Assignment 1 is a formative assessment and is divided into two parts (Part A and Part B) to assist students in having a steady learning curve based on feedback and revisions. Note that you need to read the complete Assignment 1 description before doing Part A; therefore, you can have better results for both assignments.

PART A: Annotated Bibliography(30 MARKS)

Part A of Assignment 1 focuses on developing an annotated bibliography for the case study above. Four resources need to be used for Part A assignment and at least two journal papers need to be included. You need to answer two questions for each source shown in Table 1 for developing your annotated bibliography. You should ensure all resources are published or updated within the last 5 years (2015 - 2020). This assessment will be marked by your respective tutor and written constructive feedback will be provided to you to help improve your subsequent analysis that will be conducted in Part B of this assessment.

Table 1 Part A Assignment Structure

Article’s TitleProvide short summary about the issue examined in the article.Discuss the relevance or usefulness of the article to the assignment.
A1. Journal Paper 1
A2. Journal Paper 2
A3. Article 3
A4. Article 4


Part B of Assignment 1 requires that you carry out further research on project management practice and discuss the ethical implication of the case study. You need to write a report that addresses the following issues provided in Table 2. Note that in your report, you must use the subheadings given in Table 2 and around 10 resources from a combination of journals, conference papers, website or any other reliable source are suggested to support your analysis.

Table 2 Part B Assignment Structure

B1. Response of Part A Feedback.You need to provide a table summarising how the feedback from Part A is incorporated into Part B. Your response on the Part A feedback is
required to improve the overall report in Part B.
B2. IntroductionYou need to introduce and provide background information of the case study.
B3. Leadership SkillsYou need to discuss on the leadership skills demonstrated and justify your answer by their acts or decisions in the case study.
B4. Risk AnalysisYou need to analyse possible risk(s) involved in the case study and what could be the list of possible risk(s) mitigation.
B5. Ethical IssuesYou need to identify at least two ethical issues from the case study
based on PMI Code of Ethics & Professional Conduct, then analysis the issues using PMI Ethical Decision-Making Framework.


Part A: Annotated Bibliography

Article’s Title
Short summary of the issue
Usefulness of the article 
A1. Responsible conduct of research and participation 
This article provides information about the rules and regulations while conducting research and practices that are fall under any ethical activity of an organisation, department, company, etc. One should follow the rules adhere by the institute to support their working criteria [1]. 

This article will be useful in terms of having guidelines of following rules and regulations while conducting or working with any organisation. This will help us avoiding conflicts of an ethical issue, if arise, which may damage organisation’s reputation or may ruin their business.  
A2. Ethical standards in project management  
This article provides details about code of ethics and its duties that are driven by project management laws. These laws will be applied on PMI professionals and help in making decisions when any ethical issue will be arisen. So, ethical standards are need to be understand to avoid any discrepancy. All the guidelines are provided by the project management institute in a globally professional manner where all the research is conducted by professionals with high values and morals [2]. 

This article will help in understand the issues, rules and regulations and may help in avoiding such incidents which may lead a person in such condition. It also answers some questions which will help resolve many doubts about ethical standards that are vary in different countries. 
A3. Mandatory honesty standards in the PMI code of ethics 
This article is of discussing the code of ethics in project management and the mandatory standards of honesty applicable in project management. There are two mandatory standards mostly used as honesty in the code of ethics. The first standard is section 5.3.1 and section 5.3.2 which, both, designed to have details in making false statements or misleading, provide false information or half statements. While the second section is related to dishonesty issue related to personal profit or any other matter [3]. 
This article will be helpful in identify the honesty and dishonesty issues in regards with the project management issues. 
A4. Honesty as the basis of ethics in an organisation: Why ethics are that important 
This article is the representation of the concepts of ethics and the presentation of morality for an individual or organisation. Ethics are identified the core principle or policies which helps in decision making process. This article poses implementation of ethic policies of honesty within an organisation and the challenges aligned to it. There are some policies such as ethics program, truth following, sharing, the challenges, issues and benefits of these policies [4]. 
It provides detail and importance of ethics and its process with morality. It also detailed its importance and the terms helpful in making decision for an organisation or individual 

Part B: 

Response of Part A feedback

In part A of this assignment, we have taken four different annotated bibliography which are referred to the provided case study of ethical issue with honesty. The four articles provide different view of the ethical issue, its basics and mandatory standards. Important ethical standards are including in that part including basics and standards of project management.    


This assignment is based on the case study of Sam Smith who is the member of PMI Fredonia chapter from a long time and also certified in PMP. He regularly emails and phoned the chapter board for reporting and advancing the chapter. Sam’s written contents frequently mislead, demeaning language and accusatory and the email sent by him is also copied to a large number of persons. Sam filed a lots of ethics complaints against chapter board members that was rejected regularly. He breaks the agreement of being honest with the chapter board and his actions always negatively impact operations and finance of PMI and Fredonia chapter. So, the chapter board will be decided to block his membership for upcoming three years. Sam try a lot to re-join but fails. He did not exclaim that he never does the things like did before while the re-joining attempts and the board will file an ethics complaint against him. 

Leadership skills

The leadership skills are essential in every part of our business of any type. It is somehow different from the management skill that is learnt with quality skills. An effective leader will move his team in a specific direction with coordination and look for long term benefits. In the above case study, the board members show their quality leadership skill as avoiding and guiding Sam to not to do the acts that are ruining chapter’s reputation among the peoples. Because all his actions are misleading, demeaning language, accusatory and longer emails copied to so many authorities. As a member of Fredonia chapter, Sam somehow doing well by introducing the issues with the chapter, highlighting the errors and issues. But he is doing it in wrong way that negatively impacting the chapters operations and finance [1]. As an effective leader, Sam has to find and report any issue to the chapter board in a proper way and the board has to review it properly and reply on it. If the concerns were not clear to the board, they can ask for further explanation from Sam before rejecting it so that he will not get frustrated all the time. They both, Sam and chapter board, has to have some quality leadership skills such as – they can lead themselves first, with good performance, all the pro and cons are known, have effective communication, clear concepts, focused, always pay attention to their work, get involved in activities and should have some courage to react on the issues to either resolve it or ignore it in an effective way [2]. 

Risk analysis 

Effective management of risk need good ethics and good management of ethics need good risk management. Both have to be taken as positive perspective. An organisation or an individual who want to manage risk well, has to have good practice of ethics [3]. In the provided case study, there can be so many ethical issues as combined with risks associated with it. Both the parties, Sam and board members, will have their own ethics to be follow. If not done, there is always a risk with it. When Sam reported the issues in the chapter, the board has to pay proper attention to it if he regularly tries to highlight something. If the issue is not relevant, they can either reply with a deny statement with proper reasoning. But if the issue is relevant, they should consider it and update the chapter accordingly. This step will help avoiding the issue of filing complaint against the board by Sam and against Sam by the board. As per the case study say, Sam was not following ethics properly and regularly doing the acts which lead him to the situation of being rejected his requests and file an ethics complaint [4]. To avoid the risks, in ethics perspective, they both have to understand and have clear approach on following ethics and keep informed about the ethical issues in timely manner. Do follow their commitments with members and board authorities and acknowledge the ethical issues. The party who is accountable of being violate the ethics standards, should be warned and panelised according to pre-defined rules and regulations as the board did with Sam (file ethics complaint) [5].

Ethical issues

According to the PMI codes of ethics, the board and Sam, both have to follow ethics rules and regulation of PMI, as a standard. Sam is a certified PMP, so he has to have knowledge about the code of ethics and professional conducts that he needs to be followed while working with Fredonia chapter. The major ethical issue is related to Sam, who regularly doing the actions which are always rejected by the chapter board and damaging chapter reputation. Secondly, the board has to consider the issues that are highlighted by Sam and reply on it as suitable to them. So that Sam can feel his mistakes, if there, and did not repeat those issues as he did by emailing, communicating like acts [6]. A PMI ethics section 5.3 is break by Sam so that an ethical complaint was files against him. This section has two parts 5.3.1 and 5.3.2 which are related to honesty with the organisation, you are working with. Sam regularly break this rule with his actions of ruining chapter’s reputation. As a result, he will be barred of being a member and finally filed an ethics complaint [7]. 

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