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Lack of Effective Involvement of Police in International Policing Effects Assessment Answer

Major Essay Guidelines

The major essay is a substantive piece of academic work that answers any of the tutorial questions.

Refer to the essay writing guide, referencing guides and major essay marking rubric before you write. Consult with your tutor if you have any questions over the structure and content of your essay, on indeed, any question pertaining to the essay.

The major essay is worth 60% of the overall mark for this unit. The final submission should be 2,500 words in length. The word limit includes footnotes, endnotes or in-text references (note that you can only use one style), but not bibliography, or title page. Word limits can deviate by 10% from the state figure, either under or over. If the number of words exceeds the limit by more than 10%, then penalties will apply (5% of your awarded mark for every 100 words over the limit).

The tutorial questions

1. Why should police be involved in international policing? 

2. What are the constraints to effective international police cooperation





International policing is based on the implementation of effective practices involving both citizens and jurisdictions. Police are considered in this respect as an institution that is liable for crime control and order maintenance. Often, it has been observed that Interpol, the global police organization is involved in supporting goals of global policing along with the process of law enforcement which helps to create a safer world in turn. Active involvement of police in international policing is necessary for securing global architecture from any kind of adverse threats such as terrorism. Not only is the prevention of terrorism, but international policing also based on protecting people from the cyber offence as well as maintenance of environmental security and global integrity.

This essay revolves around the fact that lack of effective involvement of police in international policing effects social as well as global architecture which may be effective to develop the chance of terrorism and other criminal offence in a country. Thus, this essay tries to prove that police need to be directly involved in the process of international policing. In this regard, the responsibilities of police in international policing along with critical strengths and weaknesses have been analysed to prove the needs of police in international policing.

Responsibilities of internal police in policing

Responsibilities of police in international policing are divided into separate goals. As per the report published by Interpol (2020), it has become prominent that reducing counter threats of terrorism and promoting border integrity throughout the world are two of the main responsibilities of international policing. On the other hand, Koss et al. (2017) argued that protecting vulnerable communities along with securing cyberspace are some of the critical duties of international policy as the root of terrorism is hidden behind these reasons somehow. In short, it can be mentioned that until or unless greater initiatives have been taken from the part of international police protecting the citizen as well as the nation can never be possible. It has been seen that Interpol which is the largest international police organization is involved in ensuring human safety throughout the world by utilising their capabilities. In support of this statement, Singh (2018) mentioned that mainly three types of global crimes are checked by Interpol such as counter-terrorism, global terrorism and different types of cybercrime.

In the modern world, there are a number of countries where the chance of a sudden terrorist attack is prominent. In order to mitigate this issue, it is essential to be aware of internal police regarding what types of criminal offence are occurring in every angle of the world. In the thoughts of Trompetter (2019), securing global communication is helpful for police to be involved in international policing. The Liaison Bureau is the medium of communication through which police of different parts of the country can be connected. In addition to this, issuing different notices regarding the global aspect of criminology and publishing crime based data are two other responsibilities of international police. By supporting this statement, Souryal and Whitehead (2019) stated that these responsibilities are critically effective to reduce the rate of crime across the globe. Apart from this, taking actions for counter-terrorism and cybercrime are two of the most effective responsibilities of international police for the sake of protecting citizen and global borders. Thus, it can be vividly mentioned that until or unless police are involved in international policing, these activities can never be performed in a coordinated manner.

Strengths of international policing

In order to discuss the strength of international policing, their roles and world-wide range of activities can be highlighted. In the views of Rychlak and Czarnetzky (2018), the police is an integral part of the society and they are involved in enforcing laws to support the protection of common people. Thus, abiding laws and criminal detection policies have become their strengths to be focused on their activities in an efficient manner. Until or unless proper order and legislations have been followed by them, consistency in maintaining international policing may be problematic. On the other hand, Koss et al. (2017) commented that safeguarding communities and implementation of criminal identification infrastructure are necessary for creating a secure environment for the citizen in a concerned nation of the country. Therefore, it becomes helpful for the police to banish terrorism with a stronger process of international policing. Hence, it can be assumed that these activities are helpful to prove the strengths of international policing in a genuine manner. For example, Interpol took a critical initiative during 1999, to save America from the critical threat of international terrorism.  

Terrorism and counter-terrorism both are harmful to a country to maintain its progress in different fields. In short, the international policing strategy has been the source to maintain peace throughout the world in a prominent manner. As per the report published by Fas (2020), at present the threats of terrorism and counter-terrorisms are increasing in a prominent manner. Thus, following ethical practices of Interpol becomes the strength of international policing and this is leading to affect global security of citizen in a positive manner. The Intelligence-led policing are one of the critical strength of international policing which is helpful to support legal authority in a country to look after the matter of terrorism and the ways to save human and humanity in broader basis.

Apart from this, following the social and civil rights are also necessary for international policing to improve their strengths and level of activities critically. Hence, the fact becomes vivid that until or unless good data management and good enforcement strategies have been followed, improving the strengths of the international police force is problematic. As opined by Hui et al. (2017), legislations play a major role in shaping the proposed activities of international police and improving their abilities to save huge numbers of people in the nation from terrorism and different types of a criminal offence. For example, a combination of EU criminal law with administrative law has become the source of strengths of police in UN. Moreover, fighting against a number of environmental crimes is also the sign of strengths of the international police force as well. In support of this comment, Singh (2018) described the roles and responsibilities of Interpol are focused to protect the nation as a whole. Based on this fact, it can be highlighted that key roles and responsibilities of Interpol are helpful to have an idea about the strengths of international policing.

Weaknesses of international policing

Along with the strengths of international policing, there are some weaknesses can be identified also. As described by Trompetter (2019), different stressful political conditions, as well as lack of stable legal structure, may effect on the process of international policing and the police may be failed to coordinate their activities in a broader basis. Therefore, the weaknesses of international policing are based on the inability of the force to detect and take greater initiatives to prevent threats of terrorism and different types of social and environmental crimes. For evidence, it can be highlighted that different types of legal procedure of criminal detection in different countries hamper the integration of activities of international policing. Opposing this comment, Greer and South (2019) argued that all the times the legal environment is not the sole reason for making the weakness of international policing prominent. In this respect, it has been mentioned that the lack of communication of police officials in different countries often creates a delay in the detection of terrorist attacking and crime management. The weaknesses of international policing are more or less fewer as they are always focused to protect the nation. Still, the development of legal process and taking proper actions for preventing terrorism has made the international policing system more effective and protective for nations.

Evaluating the needs of police in international policing 

Police are the constituted body of a group of persons who are empowered by the states in order to enforce the law for securing safety and possessions of the citizens in Society. Police utilize their lawful powers like arrest and legitimated use of the police force to prevent crime and maintain the civil disorder of society. However, in the view of Goldsmith and Harris, (2017), International policing defines the police practices where citizens or the jurisdiction are involved which are more than one nation. In this case, police are considered as the international institution which is associated with the international crime control and the maintenance of order in the context of nation-states. For example, the International police association is the biggest association of police officers in the world (Ipa-international, 2020). Currently, the association consists of 72 national sections and around 360,000 members (Ipa-international, 2020). On the other side, International criminal police organization which is commonly known as INTERPOL which is another international crime control and police cooperation organization in the world (Interpol, 2020).  Interpol provides their facilities to the 181 national central bureaus and 185 countries are members of this organization (Interpol, 2020). In the area of International crime control, there is a great importance of international police associations which signifies the needs of international policing to control the crimes of the world.

In the modern and contemporary world, the number of criminal offences is continuously increasing. It has been observed that from the past decades, the modern world has encountered a number of crimes where more people than one country are involved. Therefore, in this case, the needs of international policing are highly considerable in recent times.  In the research of Hoebing and Lapinski (2017), the roles and responsibilities of police have been discussed. Therefore, in the context of the author's view, it could be stated that the major need of international policing is to establish the safety of the world citizens and to ensure the proper maintenance of the world law for peacekeeping in the world. Jenkins and Casey (2018) stated the view about the needs of police international crimes and said that in order to control the global crime, involvement and cooperation of international policing is a major way. International police practice is maintained by following global rules and regulations, therefore, there is no chance of conflict between the countries. The case of where criminals are involved from more than one country, international policing is highly necessary there to solve the issue and to control the crime.

According to the view of Foradori (2018), in the case of a global criminal offence, international policing is highly needed to gather information from the countries in the investigation procedure. It is obvious that crime does not follow international borders and therefore, with the rapid improvement of technology, communication and other areas in the 21st century, the number of global international crimes has increased. For this purpose, the need for international policing is proved and acknowledged among global citizens. In order to investigate global crime, more than one country is involved through international police organizations to cooperate thereby providing information about the criminals. International police practice is one of the important things for the countries to maintain global crimes and to develop society in this way. International policing enables the militaries of the countries to catch the fugitive criminals who take shelter in foreign countries. Therefore, this reason signifies the needs of police in international policing as due to technological advancement and easy communication for the criminals it has become easy to escape after committing the crime. Hence, due to international policing, nations can gather information about the criminals easily and in this way, the continuously increasing number of global crimes can be reduced.

According to the view of Von Lampe, (2018), the nature of global crime has changed highly in the context of the recent situations of the world. Criminals are taking advantage of the political instability and conflict and using the technology advancements to commit the crime. Therefore, it could be stated that the involvement of international policing has become essential to combat this criminal network. However, it is also obvious that without the help of international policing, it would be not possible to control the global crime situations of the nations. On the contrary, there are some certain limitations in the international policing practice that can restrict the country in international policing practice. For example, international cooperation is highly important in this area as rules and regulations of international policing vary from country to country. The most the initial problem that can affect in the cooperation is the terrorism cases, as most of the terrorism cases are the domestic or local problems, or political unrest, therefore, in this case, international policing is irrelevant. On the other side, the political offence of the countries is another restriction where international policing is not involved in most of the cases. However, otherwise, it could be stated that international policing is highly needed for countries to reduce the global crime rate.

The discussion reveals the need for police in international policing precisely. It could be stated that the number of global crimes has increased highly from the past decades. Along with that, the development of technologies and communications are used by criminals in global crime. It has been observed that in most of the criminal cases of the current century, citizens of more than one countries are involved. That is why, in order to reduce global crime there is a high need for international policing which enables the countries to deal with criminals and helps to find out the international location, information and others. As crime does not occur at international borders, nations have to ensure the safety of the citizens by involving in international policing. In the context of the global crime situation, the need for international policing can be evaluated precisely. Therefore, it could be stated without the involvement of international policing, the crime situation of the country can be worse which leads the countries towards stagnation. Hence, In order to develop the crime situation of the countries, the needs of police in International policing is highly considerable.


The essay discusses the fact the lack of effective involvement of the police in International policing affects the society of the countries and states that by the effective involvement of police in International policing could be helpful to develop the global crime situations of the country. The discussion vividly states that the police need to be involved in international policing. As the responsibilities of international police revolve around international criminals, therefore, in this way, countries can identify the location of the criminals. Another major advantage of involvement in international policing is it enables the integrity of the countries to develop with each other. That is why it is highly needed to be involved in international policing.

The global crime rate is increasing in the world continuously and most of the countries are highly affected by terrorism. In order to reduce the global crime, International policing is much needed because active involvement of police will secure the safety of the citizens. A lot of international police organizations exist who works to provide security to the international citizen by involving with many countries. In this way, the need for police in international policing is proved.

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