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Health Issue of Cardiovascular Disease of Aboriginal Families Assessment Answer

1. Assessment task 1 description

The assessment task requires students to examine a health issue and its impact or effect at the level of the individual, the community and the population. Then to identify key points where changes can be made and thirdly, demonstrate knowledge of the planning cycle and community building strategies in the design and implementation of a plan to address the identified issue.

The purpose of a poster is to present clear and understandable information using predominantly visual methods. A poster can easily be viewed and aims to stimulate thoughts, ideas, action in the audience reading the poster. An effective poster balances the content (information) and the layout (how the information is conveyed).

Assessment details

Format: Poster 

Electronic format only (no hard copy)

You are to prepare and submit your poster as one (1) MS powerpoint slide. Reference list is to be included on this one slide.

Some templates will be provided which may assist you in laying out your poster. You are not required to use these templates.

 Weighting: 50% 

Learning outcomes assessed –

LO1     critically discuss the historical context of building healthy communities in Australia, the occurrence of selected health promotion issues across the lifespan; and how these issues are addressed in the National Health Priorities;

LO2     critically analyse approaches to health promotion and evaluation aimed at addressing contemporary health promotion and illness prevention issues;  

LO3     critically discuss the role of the nurse in meeting the diverse health and well-being needs of individuals and communities across a range of local and global settings through partnerships between stakeholders, multidisciplinary health care teams, community groups and volunteer organisations.

3. Instructions for preparing your poster


Each student will prepare and submit a poster which focuses on a specific health issue and particular demographic.

This is not a group work assignment; each student must prepare and submit an individual, original assignment.

The poster is to address three (3) key elements -

Part A will show the impact or effect of the health issue at the level of the individual, community and the population;

Part B will identify key areas where change can be made to reduce the impact or effect of the health issue on individuals, communities and populations;

Part C will describe an action plan to address the health issue, targeting a minimum of one (1) key area of change, which demonstrates sound planning and identifies health promotion/ illness prevention strategies in the design.

Stream B - Submission date, health issue and demographic


This is not a group work assignment; each student must prepare and submit an individual, original work.


Health issue – Domestic/family violence
Demographics –

Select a group of women/families to focus your poster content and message on, who are living in either an urban, regional, rural or remote area of Australia. You can choose to focus on all women/families or choose a select group to focus on, for example: Vietnamese, Aboriginal, Somalian, Chinese.


  • Women/families living in regional Queensland
  • Aboriginal and Torres strait Islander women/families living in metropolitan Melbourne
  • Vietnamese-Australian women/families living in rural NSW


Part A

 The demographic population which would be discussed is of the Aboriginal families living in Metropolitan New South Wales (NSW) which have shown the high health issue of cardiovascular disease. 

Within the community being overweight or obese is one of the cardiovascular risk factors for chronic diseases. Aboriginal people have also shown a bad lifestyles such as having high alcohol, smokes and even less exercises causing a high cardiovascular disease.

As per 2018 ABS data, there has been a total of 56% in the NSW of Aboriginal people that have shown a high sign of the overweight or obese (BMI > 25 kg/m2), in comparison to the 50% of non-Aboriginal people (Yong, 2018). In the past 10 years, there has been a wide proportion of Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal people that are particularly overweight or obese, due to which there is a wide gap in the health statics while comparing the Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal people.

The predominant reason is the smoking and the Aboriginal women have shown a higher rate of smoking in comparison to non-Aboriginal People.

Part B 


The prime reason for cardiovascular disease is the smoking rate in the Aboriginal population. 

The main reason for the high smoking rates among Aboriginal people is due to the-:

  • Using smoking early in life and also living in the community when smoking in  ‘the social norm’
  • The social disadvantage, for example, living in poverty, leaving school early and even due to the unemployment
  • Smoking to handle the life stressors, for example, the housing stress, mental illness, alcohol along with the drug use
  • To share culture due to the tobacco products.

Other Reasons of Cardiovascular Disease

  • Bad lifestyles
  • High alcohol and smoking
  • Low exercise
  • High fatty food intake, less fiber intake and high stressful life.


The changes which need to be made are the

Individuals-: Change in the lifestyles, improved education, and also create more awareness among individuals. Ways to control cardiovascular health, by adopting a healthy lifestyle and even correcting exercise postures (Helms, 2018)

Community-: To collaborate and work on the awareness programs, creating the campaigning and even build making the community engaging plans to quit smoking such as admitting them into the rehabilitation centers. Community wise, the cardiovascular disease, can be overcome through continuous engaging plans and keeping a check on the fitness programs. launching the NSW fitness programs, for the Aboriginal people to enroll and workout.

Population-: overall making polices such as taxing more higher smokers, alcohol, and providing welfare subsidies for the gym for the people to enroll in NSW. Educating the Aboriginal population within NSW and creating more campaigns and the program.

The planning cycle and community building would be to collaborate with the individuals, enrolling them in the fitness program, guiding, and spreading awareness. Sharing knowledge, taking active part in the campaigning and stepping up into the compulsory programs to curb habit

Part C 

The main key area of the change in education and the more stress on the lifestyles.

  1. The main aim would be to control the blood pressure by educating the people.
  2. It can be done through campaigning, seminars, workshops, and also demonstrating how healthy lifestyles can do wonders for health (Helms, 2018)
  3. The weight-related check, exercising regularly and also educating how the body reacts to the alcohol, smoke, and also stress.
  4. The programs would also be asking the Aboriginal communities to curb the sugar level, salt intake, increase the fiber intake, and by eliminating the artificial source of the trans-fat.


Sharing the positive insight and ways to reduce the cardiovascular disease

Creating awareness and sponsoring the funded fitness programs.

Campaigning to adapt healthy lifestyles, more exercise routine and low fatty foods.


Nicotine replacement therapy provision and support programs

Preventive activities in the health services, like health education, social marketing, and also to create a supportive workplace policies

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