Health Issue of Cardiovascular Disease of Aboriginal Families Assessment Answer
The demographic population which would be discussed is of the Aboriginal families living in Metropolitan New South Wales (NSW) which have shown the high health issue of cardiovascular disease.
Within the community being overweight or obese is one of the cardiovascular risk factors for chronic diseases. Aboriginal people have also shown a bad lifestyles such as having high alcohol, smokes and even less exercises causing a high cardiovascular disease.
As per 2018 ABS data, there has been a total of 56% in the NSW of Aboriginal people that have shown a high sign of the overweight or obese (BMI > 25 kg/m2), in comparison to the 50% of non-Aboriginal people (Yong, 2018). In the past 10 years, there has been a wide proportion of Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal people that are particularly overweight or obese, due to which there is a wide gap in the health statics while comparing the Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal people.
The predominant reason is the smoking and the Aboriginal women have shown a higher rate of smoking in comparison to non-Aboriginal People.
The prime reason for cardiovascular disease is the smoking rate in the Aboriginal population.
The main reason for the high smoking rates among Aboriginal people is due to the-:
- Using smoking early in life and also living in the community when smoking in ‘the social norm’
- The social disadvantage, for example, living in poverty, leaving school early and even due to the unemployment
- Smoking to handle the life stressors, for example, the housing stress, mental illness, alcohol along with the drug use
- To share culture due to the tobacco products.
Other Reasons of Cardiovascular Disease
- Bad lifestyles
- High alcohol and smoking
- Low exercise
- High fatty food intake, less fiber intake and high stressful life.
The changes which need to be made are the
Individuals-: Change in the lifestyles, improved education, and also create more awareness among individuals. Ways to control cardiovascular health, by adopting a healthy lifestyle and even correcting exercise postures (Helms, 2018).
Community-: To collaborate and work on the awareness programs, creating the campaigning and even build making the community engaging plans to quit smoking such as admitting them into the rehabilitation centers. Community wise, the cardiovascular disease, can be overcome through continuous engaging plans and keeping a check on the fitness programs. launching the NSW fitness programs, for the Aboriginal people to enroll and workout.
Population-: overall making polices such as taxing more higher smokers, alcohol, and providing welfare subsidies for the gym for the people to enroll in NSW. Educating the Aboriginal population within NSW and creating more campaigns and the program.
The planning cycle and community building would be to collaborate with the individuals, enrolling them in the fitness program, guiding, and spreading awareness. Sharing knowledge, taking active part in the campaigning and stepping up into the compulsory programs to curb habit
The main key area of the change in education and the more stress on the lifestyles.
- The main aim would be to control the blood pressure by educating the people.
- It can be done through campaigning, seminars, workshops, and also demonstrating how healthy lifestyles can do wonders for health (Helms, 2018).
- The weight-related check, exercising regularly and also educating how the body reacts to the alcohol, smoke, and also stress.
- The programs would also be asking the Aboriginal communities to curb the sugar level, salt intake, increase the fiber intake, and by eliminating the artificial source of the trans-fat.
Sharing the positive insight and ways to reduce the cardiovascular disease
Creating awareness and sponsoring the funded fitness programs.
Campaigning to adapt healthy lifestyles, more exercise routine and low fatty foods.
Nicotine replacement therapy provision and support programs
Preventive activities in the health services, like health education, social marketing, and also to create a supportive workplace policies