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EDEC1 081 Ethical Or Professional Issue In Early Childhood Education Assessment Answer

Essay Title

EDEC1 081 Essay (2500 words; weighting: 50%) 

Create an essay describing and reflecting on an ethical or professional issue in early childhood education using appropriate literature and documents. 



          In promoting development and growth in children, early childhood education and care play a crucial role. Cultivating growth and expansion through access to high-quality facilities includes providing families of young children with the appropriate resources for educational attainment and care. Understanding the role of professionals in ECE is focused on strong ethical standards and accordance with standard education and access to learning ethical and legal criteria (Raj, 2020). The level of education and attention they receive in early childhood is fundamentally determined by the ethical and academic freedom of professionals (Raj, 2020). This means that provisions for childhood will have a beneficial or detrimental effect on the future of small children. As a result, international organizations for early childhood education increasingly concentrating on designing care programmes that resolve related problems in the provision of high-quality educational opportunities and care. One of the most serious ethics challenges faced by educators these days is educating the children with cultural competence. The major aspect of high-quality ECE (Early Childhood Education) programmes is cultural competence. This paper outlines the ethical and professional concerns affecting education and caring for early childhood.

          Quality education and caring are two vital elements of early childhood education that work together to meet the growth and development structures' optimal social, academic, and ethical goals (Repo et al., 2017). The level of expertise in which they are treated specifically forms these growth factors. The following main features describe an efficient early childhood care system; Professional and oriented workers availability, proactive control of childhood development challenges, and low child-adult proportions and an all-rounded education and treatment programme that covers all facets of growth and progress, namely intellectual development, social development, cultural development and emotional health, and neurocognitive development.

          Cultural competence is a practice of the EYLF and it is a complicated phrase and definition that defines all facets of the practices and tasks to be carried out in an early childhood environment. Cultural competence is a series of communicating and interacting actions, behaviours and strategies that come together in a framework among professionals that make them competent of functioning successfully in cross-cultural settings (Azzopardi & McNeill, 2016). Cultural expertise is required in all following key areas of the national quality services and it is more essential for those elements of activities that are closely linked to communication, engagement, children, relationships with families and peers.

          Cultural competence requires the following: recognising one's background and world values and what influence they pose on one's activities, appreciating and accepting diverse ways of thinking, recognising and enjoying things, accepting cultural distinctions and understanding languages and ways of engaging and talking, etc. The term dosage of culture encompasses not only race but also the way people live and work. Educators need to believe in the idea of 'continuous learning and reflective activities' in order of becoming culturally competent (Brashear & Thomas, 2020). To become an effective educator and to make ECE initiatives good, cultural competence is very important. It is up to the government to ensure that the crucial issues and the incorporation of diversity, cultural competence and equality are addressed from beginning to end at all levels of the growth and effectiveness of the quality management Assessment and Improvement Framework. 

          In this regard, the Australian government places high importance on cultural competence as Australia has become the largest and most diverse country. The current education policy in the country, therefore, focuses on the creation of cultural competence among educators, particularly those involved in the ECE. Before making any ECE scheme, the study of the Information Asset is very significant. Children should not come to school or also with an idle head in pre-school schooling (Nadan, 2017). They put in a sort of awareness fund that comes from household operations. It is also very essential for schools to know what kind of information fund the children carry with them so that they can make very successful strategies. The study of the Australia knowledge fund indicates that a constructive understanding of culture and the knowledge is very beneficial because it provides a lot of additional and cultural tools that could be used in classroom teaching (). These cultural instruments are diverse and reflect different household expectations and perceptions.

          In contrast to this, cultural competence is an ethical dilemma as judging child and providing them care only centring on their ethnicity or racial background can cause adverse impact. This can also raise bias towards children coming from same ethnic background and children from minor cultures can feel marginalized in early school education which has a detrimental effect on the mental health of the child (Quartiroli et al., 2020). Further, culture is an important part of education but integrating culture in all aspects of education is not favourable for children coming from different cultural backgrounds (Hemberg, 2019)

Multicultural theory and other perspectives of ECE and their link to the concept of the ethical principle of cultural competence  

          The multicultural theory claims that all learning takes place within the context of culture or society. It also notes that the different strengths and disadvantages of all cultures are different. In the opinion of the ECE, the hypothesis should be viewed in such a way that all children have different characteristics and disadvantages because of differences in culture in Australia because, in terms of diversity, Australia has become more multicultural (Kiefer, 2018). Therefore, before developing any policies and programmes, the ECE policy and strategy in Australia shall concentrate on understanding the strength and weaknesses of various cultures and students.

      Mikhail Bakhtin's principle of hybridity may be useful in defining the fluidity of any culture, race and personality (Wirth, 2020). The philosophy deals with the universalism of race and identity, structuralism and traditionalism. The theory suggests that there is a constant transition that each person encounters between culture, gender and ethnicity in the diverse community and therefore each identity is still in a transition and changing with time and space, which is why they are also complicated and challenging and not easy to understand. It has also become a standard for people to have a changing personality that is formed by socio-economic class, political views and religion (Forsyth, 2017).

            Applying this hypothesis to the viewpoints, it could be said that Australia’s cultures are more flexible, diverse, and in change and transition because Australia’s cultural diversity is very apparent. This indicates that the educational approaches and decision making for early childhood would need even more consideration and commitment from educators in order to consider what kind of program the students would contribute to the classrooms or pre-school education of information and attitude and actions. Multicultural help that encourages normativity and requires homogenised ethnic activities does not encourage educators to adapt to coordinated individual needs within socially specific suitable strategies (Zarzycka et al., 2020). To energise the children, not all pioneer parents have the same financial and socioeconomic funding. Only giving 'practically equivalent' open learning routes for all young children does not cause the general public who are disadvantaged to have a defeated public in any situation.

           How do early childhood teachers ensure that all young children, joining those with no or limited English, have a turning at 'show and say' so that they are structured in the same manner to share their full weekly meetings and have the ability to work up their confidence to appear before the group, just the same as the English-talking children? How do early childhood educators ensure that all teachers who have limited English and understanding of traditional activities in early youth centres feel mind-boggling and without a doubt looking at the growth and training of their younger generations? The disproportionate financial and cultural capital that each has and reality of uneven control apply to each have and experience is superior to everything usual arrangement and capacity between ethnic groups and within ethnic parties (Abu et al., 2020).

           Out of apprehension and desire, out of non-appearance of interaction with people from different foundations, and the need for more basic knowledge of our personality and what our general population might be, a part of our points of view to the social equivalent of anything common variety ends up. These points of view form how well schools should provide all understudies with an interesting, persevering, and persuasive learning circumstance. Since cultural, not all that awful mix, and the eventual reality, particularly impacts the energetic, social, and academic experiences of school for young children, this is an environment to be approached by educators with an exemplary dedication (Abu et al., 2020). The topic of racial issues is problematic, strong, and politically unpredictable.

           There are no fundamental formulas: it undermines advantage, integrating one of us, and the mutual combinations of get-togethers and qualities and people's knowledge waver. Capabilities can be indecipherable between the speculations of race, tradition, and gender, and it is impossible to draw limits among social primitiveness and religious fervour (Cai, 2016). It is difficult to understand and remain calm about our individual experiences and roles and the broader aspects of a social system that we have picked up. While looking at the racial and cultural issues that make up our unique direction of seeing and keeping up on the world, quickly discover slants, and the limits to our insight (Cai, 2016). We go up towards challenges to ace, and to our standards of believing and loyalty surrounding focal tests and considerable value. This is as critical for the general population that generates reports as it is for the general population that educates children.

          As the general trend has grown over the last couple of years and Australia continues to open its method of dealing with various nations, enormous metropolitan districts are sensibly turning up multi-ethnic. Identity bits of learning suggest that 37% of people were considered abroad (Hemberg & Vilander, 2017). In the city, enormous meetings are made to provide opportunities for each Australian to co-complement festivities, such as the Chinese New Year and Diwali Festival. As seen by statistics, under the early youth category, 83 per cent of young people chosen in supported early youth organisations should ensure that the initiative and resources are delicate and open to the undeniable social demands and legacies of the children's get-togethers who embark on that association (Hemberg & Vilander, 2017)

          Comprehensive socially comparing examinations reveal that various worker in the host nations favours not being protected with the basic youth settings of their children under any situation such as the zone guardians. The current education system for early childhood believes to take a peek at the thought of Asian or likely Chinese (from multiple countries) untouchable guardians in early youth becoming ready to deliver relative performance, that these facilitators retain a strategic gap from early childhood emphasis enthusiasm (Chun & Evans, 2016). Any guardians communicate parental relationship sharing points of view. Although some belief in the early children focuses must be very aligned with simple organisation, they may discern that guardians should work with their child in the fixations given their understanding of the younger's delayed dependency. 

          For example, previous research reveals that various Chinese pioneers from distinct nations are used to train and understand the traditional Chinese techniques that are extraordinarily comprised of teachers, and regard teachers as the ace with the wellspring of wisdom that should not be tried. A remote structure for these Chinese guardians, who see teachers as definitive individuals, is operating in collaboration with educators. Also acknowledges that while various workers want educators to hear themselves out and respect their wishes, they will slant towards thinking that they would monitor the teachers of their children or not. Many Asian families who have migrated to Australia are educated and are unusually esteemed not to end up linked to the veiled children of their teens in the environment of non-appearance of assurance for planning raise. Although certain outsider facilitators deem themselves to be untouchables with no question possessing a role in the emphasis of childcare of their children, others notice that they take off to the data partnership of the kid to assemble an abundance of chafing, rather than the possible vernacular barriers, for the instructor or real watchmen (Rodenborg & Dessel, 2019).

          Similarly, research indicates that the string of watchmen at home, then surreptitiously by teachers, may alter for their non-appearance of relationship in the framework of the childhood mind; and that this form of circumlocutory dedication is as good 'old fashioned as strong help in focuses or communication with instructors to the degree dealing with young children’s taking in.

Strategies for working with different families in the diverse culture for educators

          The details concerning separate families can be gathered together for the interviews and other processes. Merging into the supporting and adapted narrative of the enlightening projects and capturing what is more important with regard to the contrasting social and vernacular qualities, traits and belief structures, chronicled and recent social change and concerns of different ethnic parties. It is possible for relatives of gathered vernacular and cultural sets to share their individual experiences and social concerns or new practises in numerous nations of which most children and teachers from the host country are new (Wahlström et al., 2020). Nevertheless, they can only be integrated into the event that they believe that their characteristics and behaviours are considered and that they associate their position with the 'ordinary' characteristics. 

          In these lines, children who are unable to play or illustrate particular modes of playing should not be treated as less capable or kept from securing the learning opportunities. Caregivers who lean for the devious collaborative initiative in the preparedness of their children and do not feel enough unquestioned to be adequately aligned with early childhood attention need not be expelled as uninterested.

          Teaching processes that include more than a play-based instructional approach and go beyond a specific understanding of parental responsibility should be connected to free separations and conform to master families' distinctive criteria. Moreover, while most priorities have assets such as textbooks and preparations that represent distinct cultural demands, these socially holistic methodologies should advance and facilitate the instructional modules, not as a phenomenally appointed solution in the middle of upbeat festivals and on-going introduction on the divider with content that is not excised with children (Avci, 2017). Basic multicultural educators need to communicate with people who are abused by critical problems and qualification that supports the limited general public. Early youth educators should think about offering extra support to families and children along these lines.


          Multicultural theories say that there are different strengths and disadvantages for each child and that it must be kept in focus when creating ECE policies. The hybridity suggests that there is a constant exchange that each person faces between community, gender and ethnicity in the different cultures and therefore each identity is still in a change and transformation with space and time, which is why they are both complicated and variable and not easy to understand and becomes an ethical issue for the educators. The ECE initiatives and government education policy in the country should adopt these different hypotheses in implementing these theories from the viewpoint of Australia in defining the facets of culture and then having the education measures that are better adapted to the culture.

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