COU101 Ethical Issues: Counseling Theories Assessment 2 Answer
An ethical dilemma is defined as the situation in which complicated selection has to be made between two possible options. Ethical principles support counselling theories such as truth-telling, promise-keeping, autonomy, justice, and others. At the same time, the reported issues which are associated with the counselling theories involve adjustment, anger management, anxiety, and self-esteem of the human brain (Reid et al., 2018). Similarly, the actions used to resolve dilemmas include identifying the problem and choosing a suitable option for self-benefits. Hence, for reviewing the ethical principles, relevant reporting issues, and possible action courses, two dilemmas will be studied.
Ethical Dilemma I
The dilemma involved certain ethical principles relevant to studying the 'truth-telling' which justifies honesty as a basic principle or value for the individual. Simultaneously, the promise-keeping means pursuing the promises first as it is an essential moral duty. Beneficence is the moral responsibility of a human being to act for others' benefits, and fidelity states moral values like caring and loyalty for society (Loreggia et al., 2018). According to a report, a similar issue was recorded in California in 2016. A psychiatrist was counselling one of his patients, who had split personality disorder, and was eager to commit suicide or murder anyone after he lost his wife in an accident (Bateman et al., 2016). The psychiatrist advised the patient to admit herself to a hospital, but the patient refused and promised the doctor to meet him every weekend. The psychiatrist did not record any changes in the patient's mental health even after a month. He again asked the patient to get admitted to the hospital as soon as possible. The possible course of action required being resolved in this dilemma; was first to gather the information and the identities related to the patient. After that, identifying the problem associated with the patient was required to be considered concerning the ethical issues involved in the case.
Ethical Dilemma II
While reviewing the second dilemma, the ethical principles involved are autonomy, which justifies respect for the other person's position and trustworthiness, which means that no one should break anybody's trust as per the moral duties. Many people do not want to talk about their professional life or work life at a public gathering (Mboyo & Pierre, 2018). As it has been observed that, if a person attends a party or function regularly, he/she often starts becoming introverts. It is also observed that if a designated doctor attends a party or any function, people approach them and asks for certain remedies and medications for the diseases. The encounter is not suitable to disturb a consultant or doctor at such places as he came there to celebrate the notion. Sometimes it creates a negative impression on the individual, and as a result of which their relationship fails in sustaining for a longer time. As observed from Ethical Dilemma II, the guest wanted to provide a warm gesture to the counsellor, due to which the counsellor felt privileged. The courses of action that could have resolved this scenario involved factors such as; the counsellor was not feeling good and uncomfortable identifying who that person was and what he wanted to convey in front of others. Lastly, another course of action could have been a reverse warm gesture to dignify the amount of respect and recognition he was getting in return.
To conclude the study, both the ethical dilemmas have been reviewed, which conveyed that; ethical principles and moral duties play an essential part in our everyday lives. It is also observed that everyone needs to handle situations very calmly and keep ethical principles in mind. For this purpose, the general studies and ethical dilemmas played an essential part in the study; they showed how, in two different cases, an individual's mental stability and persuasion created a difference. Hence, the study of counselling theories is essential to resolve one's mental health issues. By using the study, ethical principles, similar issues, and possible actions could be justified easily.