CAS101 Capacity Building Models For Aboriginals and Torres Strait Islanders Assessment 2 Answer
Capacity building models for Aboriginals and Torres Strait Islanders
The purpose of establishing and reinforcing the abilities, insights, skills, methods and procedures that communities and organizations need to sustain, adapt and succeed in the fast-changing environment is known as Community capacity building (Rogers et al., 2018). Community capacity building implies development and promotion of the 'capacity' of local communities to establish, incorporate and retain their solutions to challenges in a way that allows them to develop and having the power of their social, physical, cultural and economic environments. Owing to disparities in social status and less accessible public health interventions, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders communities report poor health outcomes as compared to non-Aboriginal people in Australia (Durey et al., 2016). Community-based participatory learning examines these inequities efficiently, providing opportunities for the assessment and advancement of preventive programmes that are culturally appropriate (Gallop & Bastien, 2016). This assessment aims at highlighting the capacity building models for aboriginal and Torres Strait islander’s communities in terms of health, employment and education. Also, it deals with the analysis of applications of these models in the community development framework.
Capacity building models for aboriginals and Torres Strait islanders
Koorie Coordinated Care (KCC) ‘An Aboriginal partnership’ model
This model gives Aboriginal people and communities a socially healthy and more structured approach to the implementation of health and social services. In the northwest suburbs, it is being applied through the Aboriginal and conventional health and community systems (VAHS, 2015). The key principles which inform the model are to strengthen the health and well-being, individuals and families need to be motivated and protected, cooperation between Koorie services and associations will inspire clients and provide individuals and families with specific needs with improved health and well-being outcomes, aboriginal cultural welfare is important to wellbeing and aboriginal wellbeing and education are the responsibility of everyone. Koorie Coordinated Healthcare allows staff to use Indigenous Health's NAIHO / NACCHO framework to recognise the needs of its clients and to recognize culturally safe service solutions that promote the general health and well-being of the clients (Kickett et al., 2019). KCH enables decreasing the number of times consumers have to tell their story and looking beyond specific criteria to describe a medium. Also, this enables enhancing relations with services and organisations that serve individuals and families with specific needs to reach their short and longer-term consumer goals, coordinated client referral activities through entities and between regions to improve client referrals through a state-of-the-art electronic customer referral network and client confidence and customer privacy protection (Kickett et al., 2019).
Developing Capacity through Partnerships
One of three alternatives to the capacity building relationship model is built to develop the potential of New south wales to supply facilities, acknowledging other capacity-based strengths and help for the construction of developed Aboriginal organisations that do not need capacity alteration collaborations. The model entails collaboration between the alternative education “Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander community-controlled organisations” (ACCO) and the certified organisation with the primary goal of fostering the accreditation for ACCO and of moving, once certified, all the placements allocated to the collaboration to the ACCO (DCTP, 2013). An unaccredited ACCO can create and deliver support services through collaborating with an approved organisation, and even support positions in the short term, gaining service skills through supervised placement practise. The approved organisation has a sponsoring role and holds responsibility for the provision of “out-of-home care” (OOHC) and caregiver authorisation, while at the same time supplying its partner with capacity-building support (Keeler et al., 2019). The approved organisation is also an ACCO where practicable. The newly founded ACCO receives the support, properties and complete responsibility for the personnel and the caseloads entrusted to the relationship upon accreditation, including all placements in their field of service for aboriginal people (Keeler et al., 2019).
Tribal capacity-building model
Therefore, tribal capacity-building models transcend the Western science community's biases to stick to a more rigid, stagnant, time-oriented model, which is likely to obstruct community engagement and deter tribal ownership (RedCorn, 2020). Instead, a participative framework is developed in which collaborative learning takes place without the opportunity for violence and force and remediation of the lines of communication between non-indigenous stakeholders and tribal populations (Redwood et al., 2019).
Application within a community development framework
In a time of rapid transition in community health care development and management, the Koorie Integrated Care (KCC) model is being implemented. KCC provides a coordinated approach to providing care to Aboriginal clients and their families for health and other human resources-particularly to our most disadvantaged clients and those with specific needs. This includes taking responsibility for recognising the attributes within the culture which exist. Identifying the strengths and opportunities and addressing the needs of society ensures that the community is empowered (Krakouer et al., 2017). This approach also advocates for personal growth through civil education directed at the growth of people, community skills and trust. More reliable client referrals are enabled through the Infoxchange S2S digital referral network across services and through organisations. This is a protected mechanism for consumer service that is governed by the Client Trust Dentiality Regulations Act (VAHS, 2015).
The tribal capacity building model includes various aspects which promote community learning and education on whole. It is important to support individuals and become more dedicated and active in their community and even the broader society in addition to making the community more productive and confident (Moore et al., 2017). This approach includes creating systems aimed at strengthening policy-making, such as voluntary organisations and associations. Better decision making in civic education contributes to rapid growth. In order to empower the society efficiently, systems need to be connected by empowering people to take part in certain essential structures that enable them to impact practices and work together with others (Sherriff et al., 2019). This encourages the members of the society to efficiently seize all of the community's available resources. This approach will be accomplished by assisting residents in the establishment of education for the management of municipal facilities, events and resources. Many individuals in aboriginal communities lack the time and knowledge to read the constitution to acknowledge their rights. Through setting up good funding agencies, education system and partnering with a coalition that is prepared and able to collaborate for the greater good of the community (Lovett, 2016). This would mean that good ideas are produced and money is used to execute the ideas.
The supporting role of an external, well developed Aboriginal agency as the relationship facilitator is a key feature of this “developing capacity through partnerships” model. It has a guiding role that involves engaging and collaborating with government and the private sector, organising consultations, establishing and formalising the relationship, and supplying partners with a variety of continuing assistance and monitoring as the partnership advances (Robertson, 2016). Accreditation to provide OOHC, contribution to recruiting, employment and assistance for Aboriginal workers and caregivers, awareness and commitment to Aboriginal placement values, evidenced cultural competence and devotion to cultural support for Aboriginal young children, young people and communities, demonstrated strong governance and operational ability must be provided by the sponsoring agency (DCTP, 2013).
From the above assessment, it can be concluded that community capacity building is important for health outcomes, educational opportunities and better employment services. The three identified capacity building models are koorie coordinated care, tribal capacity-building model and developing capacity through partnerships. The three aims at building capacity and empowering the needs of the clients. Community-based participatory learning examines these inequities efficiently, providing opportunities for the assessment and advancement of preventive programmes that are culturally appropriate. Further, these models ensure that individuals and families need to be motivated and protected, cooperation between services and associations will inspire clients and provide individuals and families with specific needs with improved health and well-being outcomes, aboriginal cultural welfare is important to wellbeing and aboriginal wellbeing and education are the responsibility of everyone.