Ascia Action Plan For Anaphylaxis Assessment Answer
TITLE OF THE ASSIGNMENT- ASCIA ACTION PLAN FOR ANAPHYLAXIS
Thematic Area 1- National Food Policy on Anaphylaxis and ASCIA Action Plan
The National Food Policy on Anaphylaxis and ASCIA Action Plan (NFPAAAP) determines the labelling on food items in Australia to create awareness among the stakeholders and the consumers on potential allergen levels in the foods. The Australian Society of Clinical Immunology and Allergy (ASCIA) has formulated the Action plans against the allergy-causing anaphylaxis has the positive effect of the intervention plans for the general public which address the issues by identifying the signs and symptoms as well as actions that have to be taken according to the projects (ASCIA, 2019). Anaphylaxis is considered as a severe and potential critical reaction caused by the trigger with allergy. The common causes of anaphylaxis are food items like nuts, fish, milk, soy proteins, seafood, eggs, and some kind of fruits. The anaphylaxis is also triggered by medicines which may have antibiotic and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), and sometimes through an insect sting.
The intervention logic, as devised through ASCIA plans, indicates that which patients suffering from anaphylaxis must be given the prescribed adrenaline autoinjector. The plans are highlighted with colours which symbolize that patients who are prescribed with EpiPen® adrenaline autoinjectors must follow the procedure with red colour, the patients prescribed with the generic plan may be provided with any brand of autoinjectors. The green colour in generic symbolizes the plan for the patients who have not prescribed any autoinjectors (Allergen Bureau, 2019). The orange colour plan has both generic and registered plans acting as first aid for the patients suffering from anaphylaxis. The logical implementation of this policy is considered as the lifesaver of many patients who consume food without checking the ingredients possibly containing mild-to sever allergens.
The National Allergy Strategy developed by the Ministry of Health in Australia and New Zealand has proposed this policy as a follow-up to the existing food policies to emphasize on the labelling on food items and consumables highlighting the allergens which creates a concise move for the consumers. The suppliers are also aware of labelling their food with a mandatory list of ingredients which highlights the positive effect of the policy (Neo, 2020). The NFPAAA Plan has an unintended impact on the suppliers and producers of food items. The transparent list of ingredients will prevent the producers in engaging in any misleading advertisement or consequences since they may morally, ethically, and practically implement the plan on labelling the ingredients or traces of allergens and mention on the packaging of the food products.
The impact of the NFAAA Plan is created to influence different groups of people who are associated with the food and beverage industry. The policy is implied to correct social inequalities. The plan for anaphylaxis intervention takes into account all the consumers who suffer from a food allergy and to help them survive the attack of allergy through first aid and registered medicines as prescribed by the healthcare practitioners (Food Safety Guidelines, 2020). The policy is meant for different groups which include restaurants, hotels and cafes, school children, hospital canteens, airport and railway eateries and other places where consumables are sold.
The diseases which cause allergy or the food products, which causes allergy among the consumers are increasingly rising with an approximate of four million people in Australia. The intervention of anaphylaxis is considered as the EpiPen, which is prescribed as 0.3mg for the adults, and EpiPen Junior is prescribed to 0.15 mg for the children with autoinjector devices. A survey by Dr Mullins, who is an allergist and immunologist reflects in his report that 53% of 100,000 populations are affected with anaphylaxis. The data provided projects with the cost of $7 billion to the health system of Australia, which is only estimated for the food allergy injections and treatment plan (Food Allergen Management, 2020). A cost by an individual is incurred when the food products devoid of allergens have to be bought for safekeeping of the individuals. Immunotherapy cost on anaphylaxis estimates to $3,500 during its build-up phase. People living in rural parts have to incur on transport and another productive price to get the treatment facilities (House of Representative Committees, 2020). The Pharmaceutical Benefits Schedule (PBS) would be productive in cost-cutting of the implementation of the policy over time.
The NFAAA Plan is the follow-up of the pilot project of National Allergy Strategy in distinguishing the detailed programs for the consumers in the prevention of the allergy attacks from the food items. The policy engages human resources like healthcare professionals. Nurses, midwives, allergists, and immunologists are considered to be apt resources to incorporate the plans in the healthcare system. The legal jurisdictions of the plan cater the school canteens, hospitals, eateries, restaurants, café, and parks where the food items are sold. The actors are the government agencies, food producers and suppliers, café and restaurant business, shopping malls selling food items and food manufacturers who would cooperate to bring this plan into action since this involves the benefits of the opponents as well (Food Allergen Intolerance, 2020). The intervention of the opponents may be considered when they point out the discrepancy in practising the plan or policy in public.
The NFAAA Plan is effectively devised which would be implemented by the government agencies, food business chains, individual customers, shop owners and retailers and non-governmental agencies in promoting the idea of consuming the food which is not harmful to the people. The acceptability of the plan, as well as the existing policy on allergy and anaphylaxis, is considered to be adequate to address the problems. The stakeholders are responsible for incorporating the plan as an intervention to the issue of anaphylaxis which is primarily caused due to the high allergen levels in food. Labelling of the ingredients must be mandatory in all sectors to reduce the consequences of death or severe allergies due to allergens (Allergy Declaration, 2020). The precautionary measures like recall of the food items must be monitored at regular intervals by the government bodies which will create awareness among the food manufacturers and suppliers including the date of expiry, and boldly mentioning the ingredients on the food packaging.