The Annotated Bibliography assessment is an opportunity for you to demonstrate how you are an evidence- based practitioner and can achieve standard 1 of the Registered Nurses Standards for Practice (RNSFP) OR domain 3 of the Professional Capabilities for Registered Paramedics (PCFRP) by critically evaluating literature and research findings.
It involves each student completing an annotated bibliography for three (3) relevant journal articles (research studies preferred) related to behavioural and psychological aspects of your allocated case study.
- NURSING STUDENTS: There are two case studies. Caroline and Roger. These are real people who experienced a critical illness and describe their experience in the videos.
- PARAMEDICINE STUDENTS: There is only one case study – Helena (the paramedic unfortunately gets her name incorrect during the call-out). Her experience is described within the first 8.5 minutes of the video.
While you are watching these people’s stories, please pay particular attention to the behavioural and psychological responses each person and their family experienced to their illness and their situation (i.e. their physical and social environment). Some of these will be overtly obvious (i.e. the person will talk about them – “I was depressed” etc.) but others you’ll need to identify from things the person is discussing in their presentation (e.g. the person may not say they were “depressed” but may mention signs and symptoms of mental distress that are suggestive of depression or other psychological concerns). For the paramedicine students, Helena is unconscious for much of the interaction – you will need to explore likely behavioural and psychological responses that people have to that illness and situation in general. Here’s what everyone will need to do:
- Get together with your group and discuss the behavioural and psychological responses likely present in your case study person and family’s experience. Please note: delirium is NOT an example of a psychological or behavioural response to acute illness. Delirium precipitates psychological and behavioural responses.
- Once you’ve identified these, you’ll need to individually search for journal articles published from 2001 onwards that explain why people experiencing critical/acute illness have these behavioural and psychological responses related to their experience of their illness and situation (i.e. their physical and social environment and how it played a role in their experience). Do not underestimate the amount of time this is likely to take. Choosing appropriate articles is fundamental to doing well in this assessment and your case study assessment. Your chosen articles need to be different to your other group members’ articles so that you’re not all annotating the same articles.
- Time to annotate three of your articles! For each journal article, you will need to very briefly summarise the article’s main topic and focus and include a very brief summary of the article’s or study’s methodology, results, and discussion (i.e. where the authors explain the causes/reasons for their findings and research conclusions) for the articles. Remember that your reader hasn’t read the article you’re annotating so you need to give them enough information about the key elements of the article so that the reader understands what the study was about, what it did, what it found, and why.
- Then, for each journal article, you will need to provide an evaluation of two (2) main relevant weaknesses of their research study (e.g. the study’s methodology or results etc.) or the authors’ work and claims (if it is not a research study e.g. a literature review) and determine the specific impact of these weaknesses on the validity, reliability, and/or credibility of the authors’ findings and/or research conclusions. Critical evaluation is necessary to ensure the knowledge on which we base our practice is robust and evidence- based. It is important to interpret research findings in the context of the theory relevant to the discipline in which they were produced, the research methodology that was used, and the level of knowledge and understanding of the topic that has been produced by previous research. You will need to consider how the weaknesses you have identified specifically impact the authors’ findings and/or research conclusions (do not state the limitations/weaknesses that the authors themselves identified) and therefore our understanding of the issues/topic/body of knowledge about what is being researched. Do not critique editorial aspects or layout of the article (e.g. saying it was ‘difficult to read/understand’, ‘had easy to understand tables’ etc.).
- Then, for each journal article, you will need to discuss how the knowledge within each article explicitly and specifically explains why their allocated case study person and family had their specific behavioural and psychological responses to their illness and situation. This needs to go beyond simple comparison or description (i.e. simply comparing what the person experienced to being similar to what is said in your articles). You need to explain why they had the responses they did using the knowledge and reasoning gained as a result of the research study or literature review. Use the person’s name in this section (or other identifying feature e.g. ‘daughter’) and directly apply the article’s knowledge to their experiences.
- Read through the assessment instructions and rubric carefully. Download the templates available on Bb to help you complete this assessment.
- Read through the articles in the Annotated Bibliography folder on Bb to assist you critically analyse and evaluate the research you gather.
- Start your research using databases such as PsycINFO, MEDLINE, and Emcare etc. for relevant journal articles (research study articles preferred) published after 2001.
Write (this stage will take longer than you think)
- Start drafting! Get the ideas on paper. This is your zero draft
(i.e. the draft before your ‘real’ draft). Don’t worry about spelling, grammar, etc. Just get the ideas on paper (you’ll fix any problems when you edit). Use the article template on Bb to help you identify important elements of each article and create your zero draft.
- Start writing your first real draft. Have a look at the exemplars on Bb – one is an example of a higher scoring annotation and one is an example of a lower scoring annotation. Make sure you’re using the rubric criteria to assist you include important ideas, concepts and content.
- Leave your first draft for a day or two, then come back and write your second draft. Always build in rest time between drafts – you’ll identify more problems and errors that way.
- Time to edit your paper. Make sure it uses formal academic English and meets the formatting guidelines outlined in Criterion 5 of the below rubric.
- Proofread your paper. Read it aloud to catch errors.
- Format it like the formatting template available on Bb and check your APA 7th citations. Make sure your APA 7th ed. end- text citations above your annotations are in alphabetical order running down the page. Use the formatting and APA checklist on Bb to ensure your paper is formatted correctly.
- Remove/delete any assessment cover/title page, contents page, marking rubric, or plagiarism checklist you’ve attached (we don’t need these).