Analysis of Public Policy Assessment Answer
National Food Intolerance and Allergy Management Policy, 2020
The National Food Intolerance and Allergy Management Policy (NFIAMP), 2020 in Australia intends to create awareness on the food intolerance of the general public on some ingredients and incorporating proper labelling of the ingredients on the food products with the motive to reduce health hazards while consuming the food.
The purpose of the NFIAM policy is to serve the stakeholders involved in the society who will be benefitted with the implementation of the policy (Allergen Bureau, 2019). The stakeholders are recognized as the food and beverage industry, direct and indirect consumers of ingredients which are used for food preparation and final consumption, consumers and the government agencies.
Analyzing the policy based on six dimensions
The NFIAMP is devised keeping in consideration the severe health hazards which may be caused by the allergens present in the food and lack of awareness due to non-labelling of the food ingredients may aggravate the health conditions of the consumers (ACSIA, 2019). There are nine food items which are commonly considered to be allergy-causing elements in the human body comprising of milk products, eggs, soy proteins, sea-food or fish, wheat, peanuts and tree nuts (Dairy Food Safety, 2018). The analysis of this food allergy management policy indicates its effectiveness through meeting the six dimensions, including its effectiveness, unintended effects, equity, cost, feasibility, and acceptability.
The effectiveness of the public policy is determined by its utility for the general public. The NFIAMP in this context has a positive impact on the general public and the concerned stakeholders. The intervention of this policy is plausible since the food industry has been facing the challenges of food safety and security while the incorrect labelling of allergen information has created serious issues with the health of the children and the adults as well (Campbell, 2019). The intermediate effects are also positive since the food producers are cautious while preparing food products and labelling them. The implementation of the NFIAMP influences the effectiveness of the policy since the Food Acts & Product Liability Law in Australia and New Zealand are stringent. The breach of the policy may issue infringement notices against the offenders.
The NFIAMP has no harmful or unintended impacts on its implementation. The producers if found guilty of producing the food products without labelling or informing the consumers with legible information on the packaging unintentionally, the products have to be recalled. However, the policy is formulated for the benefit of the general public and creating awareness on the health hazards which may be caused due to the presence of common allergens. The equity of the policy lies on the intended effects on the children as they are more prone to allergy-causing agents. The intolerance towards food can be observed more in children than adults. The report by New South Wales (NSW) Food Authority has informed about 25% of the population in Australia believes that they have food allergies (Food Safety Guidelines, 2020). The initial cost of formulating this policy is minimal for the government, which is distributed to the stakeholders over time. The costs are apparent while advertising the policy by the government agencies, evaluating the effectiveness of the policy through Cost-Effectiveness Analysis and comparing with other policies that come under the category of food policies highlighting the allergy and food intolerance.
The feasibility of the NFIAMP is evident through the required manpower, technology, and material for circulating the policy to the stakeholders. The policy falls under the legal jurisdiction and has been adopted by school canteens, hospitals, parks, hotels and restaurants business. The policy can be termed as a follow-up of the pilot project that indicates creating awareness among the stakeholders on using the food materials and labelling them correctly. Healthcare is the social issue where death due to the negligence of the government, is a severe offence (Koebaerl et al. 2018). Hence the acceptability of the policy is supreme in all sectors that deals with the food products. The stakeholders perceive that there must be labels with legible information and precaution signalling the products used in the food that may have allergen products. The stakeholders are active in implementing the policy while the policy will evolve with more potential to include ingredients that are researched to determine any allergic reaction caused to the human body.